Dennis T. Famili, Arti Mistry, Oleg Gerasimenko, Julia Gerasimenko, Rachel M. Trib, Eirini Kyrana, Anil Dhawan, Michael F. Goldberg, Nicol Voermans, Tracey Willis, Heinz Jungbluth
Mutations in RYR1 encoding the ryanodine receptor (RyR) skeletal muscle isoform (RyR1) are a common cause of inherited neuromuscular disorders. Despite its expression in a wide range of tissues, non-skeletal muscle manifestations associated with RYR1 mutations have only been rarely reported. Here, we report three patients with a diagnosis of Central Core Disease (CCD), King-Denborough Syndrome (KDS) and Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptibility (MHS), respectively, who in addition to their (putative) RYR1- related disorder also developed symptoms and signs of acute pancreatitis. In two patients, episodes were recurrent, with severe multisystem involvement and sequelae. RyR1-mediated calcium signalling plays an important role in normal pancreatic function but has also been critically implicated in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis, particularly in bile acid- and ethanol-induced forms. Findings from relevant animal models indicate that pancreatic damage in these conditions may be ameliorated through administration of the specific RyR1 antagonist dantrolene and other compounds modifying pancreatic metabolism including calcium signalling. These observations suggest that patients with RYR1 gain-of function variants may be at increased risk of developing acute pancreatitis, a condition which should therefore be considered in the health surveillance of such individuals.
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